Nitrous Oxide is produced by heating Ammonium Nitrate to a temperature of
approx. 250 deg.c. Ammonium Nitrate is decomposed in the process to give a
mixture of Nitrous Oxide and super heated steam. Impurities include Ammonium
Nitrate fumes, Nitrogen and other oxides of Nitrogen. The steam and
impurities are removed by scrubbing with water, caustic soda and sulfuric
acid. Nitrogen present in traces is removed by bleeding from the top of
storage vessels, where Nitrous Oxide in liquid state is stored after
Properties of Nitrous Oxide
Nitrous Oxide is a chemical compound of Nitrogen and Oxygen. Its chemical
name is N2O.
It is a colourless, non flammable, nontoxic gas with slightly sweetish
taste and odour. Well-known method of distributing Nitrous Oxide is as
compressed liquid in cylinders of approved design.
It keeps combustion, therefore organic oils and greases of petrochemical
nature be kept away from Nitrous Oxide gas.
Uses of Nitrous Oxide Gas
Nitrous oxide gas is mainly used for anesthetic purposes. It is also used
as carrier gas, propellant for aerosols and food stuff.
||8 M3 /
Nitrate Consumption per M3 of Gas produced (Subject to Quality)
required for processing
required for cooling